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Sexually Transmitted Disease | STD Clinic & Testing, Singapore - Shim Clinic

Shim Clinic is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Singapore, with a doctor specially focused on sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, diagnosis and treatment. STIs occur after unprotected sex, like a condom break, slip or if no condom was used. Consultations are private & confidential.

What is STD?

STD is an abbreviation for “sexually transmitted disease”.

  • Sexually – or sex is having any part of the penis inserted into the vagina, anus, or mouth of another person. Or cunnilingus.
  • Transmitted – pass on from one person to another
  • Disease – is an infection which is symptomatic.

Therefore a STD is “a symptomatic infection which is passed on from one person to another by having any part of the penis inserted into the vagina, anus, or mouth of another person, or cunnilingus.”

What are the common STDs?

They are caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites:

  1. HPV infection
  2. Genital herpes
  3. Chlamydia
  4. Gonorrhea
  5. Syphilis
  6. HIV infection

HPV infection is caused by a virus, called human papillomavirus or HPV. After infection, 3 to 6 months later, at the points of sexual skin contact, like the penis, pubic area, vagina, anus and mouth, there may appear growths called genital warts. Of the many types of HPV, some may cause cancer of the areas affected. The cancer risk is highest for the female cervix, when compared to other areas.

Genital herpes is caused by a virus, called herpes simplex virus or HSV. After infection, 1 day to 2 weeks later, at the points of sexual skin contact, like the penis, pubic area, vagina, anus, and mouth, there may appear blisters and ulcers.

Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. After infection, 1 to 3 weeks later, while urinating, there may be an irritation. Also, there may be a grey to green discharge.

Gonorrhea is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. After infection, 1 day to 2 weeks later, while urinating, it is usually painful. Also, there is usually a thick yellow discharge.

Syphilis is caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. After infection, 9 to 90 days later, at the point of sexual skin contact, like the penis, vagina, anus and mouth, there may appear a chancre, which is a painless ulcer.

HIV infection is caused by a virus, called human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. After infection, 2 to 4 weeks later, there may be symptoms of acute HIV infection. Which are usually fever, malaise (general discomfort), muscle pain (myalgia), rash, headache, night sweats, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, and blocked nose.

Do I have an STD?

STDs often have no symptoms. Get your STD testing done to find out!

Disease Organism Incubation Symptoms Investigation
Viral
HIV infection Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 2-4w HIV symptoms
– 50% None
– 50% Flu-like
HIV test
Asymptomatic phase
3-20y
8y average
AIDS symptoms
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus (HBV) 40-160d Flu-like:
prodromal phase
Jaundice:
icteric phase
HBsAg
Genital herpes Herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1d-2w Multiple painful blisters & ulcers HSV Serology
HSV PCR
Genital warts Human papillomavirus (HPV) 3-6m Cauliflower growths HPV test
Molluscum contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) 2-7w Pearly growths Histology
Bacterial
Syphilis Treponema pallidum 9-90d Chancre:
1° syphilis
VDRL test
RPR test
TPHA test
FTA-Abs test
2-6m Rash:
2° syphilis
<1 year Asymptomatic:
early latent
>1 year Asymptomatic:
late latent
5-10 years Benign gumma,
Cardiovascular syphilis,
Neurosyphilis:
3° syphilis
Gonorrhoea (UK)
Gonorrhea (US)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 1d-2w Urethral 90%,
Cervical 50%,
Pharyngeal &
Rectal 10%:
pain & discharge
Gram-negative intracellular diplococci smear,
Gonococcal culture,
Gonococcal PCR
Chlamydia infection Chlamydia trachomatis 1-3w Pain & discharge Chlamydia PCR
Protozoal
Trichomoniasis Trichomonas vaginalis Female: foul discharge & itch
Male: urethritis
BD Affirm™ VP III
Fungal
Candidiasis
(Yeast infection)
Candida albicans Female: cheesy discharge & itch
Male: rash
BD Affirm™ VP III
Parasitic
Pubic lice
Scabies Sarcoptes scabiei


Blog articles about #STD


Latest News

Medical News Today: Do immune cells shape sexual behavior?
Thu, 16 Aug 2018 21:00:00 +0800 | Health News from Medical News Today
A new study conducted in a rat model asks whether changes in one type of immune cell — mast cells — can actually influence individual sexual behavior. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)

Kenya:About 300,000 Young People Are Living With HIV/Aids
Thu, 16 Aug 2018 12:16:28 +0800 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Capital FM] Mombasa -The National Aids Control Council on Wednesday raised concerns over the increasing number of young people and children in Kenya who are HIV positive. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

Medical News Today: Foods to eat for better sex
Wed, 15 Aug 2018 20:00:00 +0800 | Health News from Medical News Today
Many people look to their diet to find ways of improving their sex lives. People sometimes try known aphrodisiacs to boost libido, or they might want to try heart-healthy foods to improve their stamina. In this article, learn which foods are best for sex and about the research behind the claims. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)

Nigeria:1.4 Million New HIV Infections Averted Among Children in Nigeria
Tue, 14 Aug 2018 14:32:12 +0800 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Daily Trust] Kaduna -Tremendous advances have been made in the fight against HIV/AIDS globally as about 1.4 million new HIV infections among children under 15 have been averted since 2010, an HIV/AIDS Specialist with UNICEF in Kaduna, Dr. Idris Baba, has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

Inside Hologic ’ s evolving definition of women ’ s healthcare
Mon, 13 Aug 2018 19:50:51 +0800 | Mass Device
Hologic (NSDQ:HOLX), known in the medtech industry for its mammography and diagnostics devices, is rethinking what it means to be a women&#8217;s healthcare company. The 6,000-person company wants to expand its reach to include products that care for women&#8217;s well-being, as well as their health – a concept that Dr. Edward Evantash honed when he led the Ob/Gyn division at Tufts Medical Center. &#8220;The beauty of being an Ob/Gyn is that you really take care of women throughout the continuum of their lifecycle,&#8221; Evantash, Hologic&#8217;s medical director & VP of global medical affairs, told MassDevice.com. &#8220;You get the full breadth of medical care for women. That&#8217;s essentially Hologic.&#8221; When Evantash first landed at Hologic in 2009, the company was focuse...

Seychelles:HIV Transmissions Seen Increasing Among Syringe-Using Drug Users
Sat, 11 Aug 2018 20:31:37 +0800 | AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine
[Seychelles News Agency] The way HIV is transmitted is changing in Seychelles from a sexually transmitted virus to one passed on among drug users, an official at the Ministry of Health said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)

Seychelles:Increase in HIV Transmissions Among Syringe-Using Drug Users
Sat, 11 Aug 2018 20:31:37 +0800 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Seychelles News Agency] The way HIV is transmitted is changing in Seychelles from a sexually transmitted virus to one passed on among drug users, an official at the Ministry of Health said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

Using the Natural Birth Control Method? There & #039;s an App for That!
Fri, 10 Aug 2018 23:55:56 +0800 | MDDI
Image credit: NaturalCycles Nordic AB A mobile app developer just became the first to score FDA permission to market its product as a method of contraception to prevent pregnancy.&Acirc;&nbsp; The app, called Natural Cycles,&Acirc;&nbsp;contains an algorithm that calculates the days of the month a woman is likely to be fertile based on daily body temperature readings and menstrual cycle information, a method of contraception called fertility awareness. Designed for mobile devices, it is intended for use in pre-menopausal women 18 and older. Natural Cycles, developed by&Acirc;&nbsp;NaturalCycles Nordic AB, requires women to take their temperature daily using a basal body thermometer, in the morning immediately upon waking and to enter the reading into the app, which also tracks a user&acirc...

Australians urged to get tested for syphilis after unborn baby death
Fri, 10 Aug 2018 13:45:24 +0800 | CNN.com - Health
Australians are being urged to get tested for syphilis after a rise in cases of the sexually transmitted infection (STI), which recently caused the death of an unborn baby. (Source: CNN.com - Health)

Can a selfie diagnose your skin condition?
Fri, 10 Aug 2018 04:32:03 +0800 | bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines
AI and machine learning-based tools are being increasingly used in dermatology to analyze skin conditions ranging from acne to STDs. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)


Related Concepts

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception
(females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection before exposure
STD vaccine:
Hepatitis vaccine
HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection after exposure
STD testing *
Screening test
– to look for asymptomatic infections
– from previous exposures
Emergency contraception
with the
morning-after pill
(females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test
SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test
OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody
– Oral fluid or
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
STD testing *
– Full & comprehensive
diagnostic test
– to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion

* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
* Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


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