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Sexually Transmitted Disease | STD Clinic & Testing, Singapore - Shim Clinic

Shim Clinic is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Singapore, with a doctor specially focused on sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, diagnosis and treatment. STIs occur after unprotected sex, like a condom break, slip or if no condom was used. Consultations are private & confidential.

What is STD?

STD is an abbreviation for “sexually transmitted disease”.

  • Sexually – or sex is having any part of the penis inserted into the vagina, anus, or mouth of another person. Or cunnilingus.
  • Transmitted – pass on from one person to another
  • Disease – is an infection which is symptomatic.

Therefore a STD is “a symptomatic infection which is passed on from one person to another by having any part of the penis inserted into the vagina, anus, or mouth of another person, or cunnilingus.”

What are the common STDs?

They are caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites:

  1. HPV infection
  2. Genital herpes
  3. Chlamydia
  4. Gonorrhea
  5. Syphilis
  6. HIV infection

HPV infection is caused by a virus, called human papillomavirus or HPV. After infection, 3 to 6 months later, at the points of sexual skin contact, like the penis, pubic area, vagina, anus and mouth, there may appear growths called genital warts. Of the many types of HPV, some may cause cancer of the areas affected. The cancer risk is highest for the female cervix, when compared to other areas.

Genital herpes is caused by a virus, called herpes simplex virus or HSV. After infection, 1 day to 2 weeks later, at the points of sexual skin contact, like the penis, pubic area, vagina, anus, and mouth, there may appear blisters and ulcers.

Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. After infection, 1 to 3 weeks later, while urinating, there may be an irritation. Also, there may be a grey to green discharge.

Gonorrhea is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. After infection, 1 day to 2 weeks later, while urinating, it is usually painful. Also, there is usually a thick yellow discharge.

Syphilis is caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. After infection, 9 to 90 days later, at the point of sexual skin contact, like the penis, vagina, anus and mouth, there may appear a chancre, which is a painless ulcer.

HIV infection is caused by a virus, called human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. After infection, 2 to 4 weeks later, there may be symptoms of acute HIV infection. Which are usually fever, malaise (general discomfort), muscle pain (myalgia), rash, headache, night sweats, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, and blocked nose.

Do I have an STD?

STDs often have no symptoms. Get your STD testing done to find out!

Disease Organism Incubation Symptoms Investigation
Viral
HIV infection Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 2-4w HIV symptoms
– 50% None
– 50% Flu-like
HIV test
Asymptomatic phase
3-20y
8y average
AIDS symptoms
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus (HBV) 40-160d Flu-like:
prodromal phase
Jaundice:
icteric phase
HBsAg
Genital herpes Herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1d-2w Multiple painful blisters & ulcers HSV Serology
HSV PCR
Genital warts Human papillomavirus (HPV) 3-6m Cauliflower growths HPV test
Molluscum contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) 2-7w Pearly growths Histology
Bacterial
Syphilis Treponema pallidum 9-90d Chancre:
1° syphilis
VDRL test
RPR test
TPHA test
FTA-Abs test
2-6m Rash:
2° syphilis
<1 year Asymptomatic:
early latent
>1 year Asymptomatic:
late latent
5-10 years Benign gumma,
Cardiovascular syphilis,
Neurosyphilis:
3° syphilis
Gonorrhoea (UK)
Gonorrhea (US)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 1d-2w Urethral 90%,
Cervical 50%,
Pharyngeal &
Rectal 10%:
pain & discharge
Gram-negative intracellular diplococci smear,
Gonococcal culture,
Gonococcal PCR
Chlamydia infection Chlamydia trachomatis 1-3w Pain & discharge Chlamydia PCR
Protozoal
Trichomoniasis Trichomonas vaginalis Female: foul discharge & itch
Male: urethritis
BD Affirm™ VP III
Fungal
Candidiasis
(Yeast infection)
Candida albicans Female: cheesy discharge & itch
Male: rash
BD Affirm™ VP III
Parasitic
Pubic lice
Scabies Sarcoptes scabiei


Blog articles about #STD


Latest News

More Planned Parenthood Clinics Equals Fewer Teen Births, STDs
Tue, 28 Mar 2017 06:29:30 +0800 | Healthy Living - The Huffington Post
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); As Republican lawmakers try everything they can to defund Planned Parenthood, a new study suggests that closing its clinics would have major health consequences for Americans. States with more Planned Parenthood clinics tend to have lower rates of teenage-mother births and sexually transmitt...

Nigeria: Concerns Over Drug Resistant TB, HIV Co-Infection
Mon, 27 Mar 2017 19:42:46 +0800 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Guardian] Nigeria on Friday March 24 joined other countries to celebrate the 2017 World Tuberculosis Day (WTD) with the theme, Unite to end TB in Nigeria: Accelerating TB Case Detection and Treatment. As part of efforts to stop the disease, experts have alerted to the growing cases of Multi-Drug Resistant TB (MDR TB), the burgeoning epidemic of the disease in Nigeria, which rides on the co-existing pandemic of Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV), and that diagnosing MDR and extensively drug-resistant TB as well as H (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

Medical News Today: Vaginal itching: Common causes, symptoms, and treatments
Mon, 27 Mar 2017 19:00:00 +0800 | Health News from Medical News Today
Vaginal itching is a bothersome but common experience. Learn about the different causes, including yeast infections, STDs, and allergies. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)

U.S. Agents Seize 40,000 Counterfeit Condoms In Puerto Rico
Sat, 25 Mar 2017 11:49:04 +0800 | Healthy Living - The Huffington Post
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); U.S. federal agents have confiscated 40,000 items that consumers hope are never fake: condoms. The counterfeits were seized in San Juan, Puerto Rico, officials said. The condoms were manufactured in China, according to a U.S. Customs and Border Protection statement&nbsp;Thursday. They were s...

Self-Collected Specimens for Infectious Disease Testing
Fri, 24 Mar 2017 22:23:42 +0800 | Clinical Microbiology Newsletter
Self-collected specimens for infectious disease testing are becoming more commonplace. There are multiple published studies demonstrating that self-collected vaginal swabs for detection of sexually transmitted pathogens are as accurate as physician-collected endocervical swabs. Similarly, self-collected penile-meatal swabs are also acceptable for detecting sexually transmitted pathogens; however, unlike self-collected vaginal swabs, penile-meatal swabs are not considered an “on-label” specimen for U.S. (Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter)

Africa: Global Fund and Inter-Parliamentary Union Sign MoU
Fri, 24 Mar 2017 20:55:42 +0800 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Global Fund] Geneva -The Global Fund and the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) have signed a memorandum of understanding to promote mutual advocacy, engage in joint technical work and raise awareness in the fight against AIDS, TB and malaria and building resilient and sustainable systems for health. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

Nigeria: NACA Urges Stronger Collaboration Between TB, HIV Programmes
Fri, 24 Mar 2017 13:14:49 +0800 | AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs
[Premium Times] The National Agency for the Control of AIDS, NACA, has called on state governments to create stronger collaboration between their programmes for the treatment of Tuberculosis and HIV. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

Counterfeit condoms allegedly from China seized in Puerto Rico
Thu, 23 Mar 2017 12:43:17 +0800 | Health News: CBSNews.com
Officials said the 40,000 counterfeit condoms that were seized do not protect against pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)

Family Doctor Raps Safe Sex Message For Seniors Over Vanilla Ice
Wed, 22 Mar 2017 16:25:13 +0800 | Science - The Huffington Post
A family doctor from North Carolina is using rap music to push a safe sex message for seniors. Dr. Shannon Dowler, from Asheville, warns about the spread of sexually transmitted infections among older people in her reworking of Vanilla Ice&rsquo;s 1990 hit &ldquo;Ice, Ice, Baby.&rdquo; Under her hip hop alter ego of RapDktaD, she spits out catchy lines like, &ldquo;If you have a problem, lube might solve it, see your family doc if it doesn&rsquo;t resolve it.&rdquo;&nbsp; With the number of STIs among senior citizens spiking over the past decade, Dowler said she hoped the video would help spread awareness. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s tough, to tell a 72-year-old that they&rsquo;re having their first herpes outbreak,&rdquo; she told WLOS-TV. &ldquo;If they&rsquo;ve lost their partner, they&rsquo...

Short Film Explores What It’s Like To Find Out You Have An STI
Tue, 21 Mar 2017 01:21:37 +0800 | Healthy Living - The Huffington Post
A new short film from BuzzFeed Yellow shows just how terrifying it can be to find out you have a sexually transmitted infection.&nbsp; The video titled &ldquo;Getting Tested&rdquo; features a young woman going to the doctor to find out if she has an STI. The film is an important reminder of how easily people can contract STIs; it doesn&rsquo;t matter how many people you&rsquo;ve slept with or if you&rsquo;ve&nbsp;mostly had safe sex ― a lot of it comes down to bad luck.&nbsp; As the young woman is laying on the doctor&rsquo;s table getting the exam, she says, &ldquo;This is really not like me...&nbsp;I&rsquo;ve only had sex with, like, five people.&rdquo; The doctor tells her she might have genital herpes,&nbsp;but it&rsquo;s much more common that most people realize. One in every six&nb...


Related Concepts

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception
(females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection before exposure
STD vaccine:
Hepatitis vaccine
HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection after exposure
STD testing *
Screening test
– to look for asymptomatic infections
– from previous exposures
Emergency contraception
with the
morning-after pill
(females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test
SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test
OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody
– Oral fluid or
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
STD testing *
– Full & comprehensive
diagnostic test
– to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion

* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
* Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


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