Shim Clinic Logo
HIV PEP:
Stop HIV within 72 hours of sex
HIV Testing:
20 min result, 28 days after sex
STD Testing:
Full & comprehensive

Genital Herpes Singapore | Shim Clinic

Genital Herpes Singapore. Genital herpes refers to an infection of the genital region by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Either or both herpes simplex type 1 and/or 2 may be involved.

 


 

DEFINITION

Genital herpes is a chronic, life-long viral infection. Genital herpes is caused by the DNA Herpes simplex virus (HSV), usually HSV type 2, but type 1 infections are also possible. Transmission of the virus can occur through genital to genital, mouth to genital, genital to anal and mouth to anal contact.

References

  1. BASHH. (2007). National Guideline for the Management of Genital Herpes. Retrieved from http://www.bashh.org/documents/115/115.pdf
  2. Corey, L., Wald, A., Patel, R., Sacks, S.L., Tyring, S.K., et. al. (2004). Once-Daily Valacyclovir to Reduce The Risk of Transmission of Genital Herpes. N Engl J Med, 1;350(1):11-20. Retrieved from PubMed.
  3. Ministry of Health. (2011). Management of genital ulcers and discharges – MOH Clinical Practice Guidelines 1/2009. Retrieved from http://www.moh.gov.sg/content/dam/moh_web/HPP/Doctors/cpg_medical/current/2009/Mx%20of%20Genital%20Ulcers%20and%20Discharges%20Booklet.pdf
  4. Sen. P., & Barton, S.E. (2007). Genital Herpes and Its Management. BMJ, 19;334(7602):1048-52
  5. Workowski, K. & Berman, S. (2010). CDC Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment Guidelines (2010). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5912a1.htm



Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception
(females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection before exposure
STD vaccine:
Hepatitis vaccine
HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection after exposure
STD testing *
Screening test
– to look for asymptomatic infections
– from previous exposures
Emergency contraception
with the
morning-after pill
(females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test
SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test
OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody
– Oral fluid or
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
STD testing *
– Full & comprehensive
diagnostic test
– to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion

* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
* Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.