Genital Herpes Symptoms Singapore | Shim Clinic

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Genital herpes symptoms Singapore:

Herpes - sores on male sex organ Herpes - sores on male sex organ The signs of herpes appear about 2-10 days after sexual contact with an infected person.

These include:

  • itching/burning-feeling in the genital area
  • water blisters (vesicles) or open sores
  • discharge of fluid from the vagina.

Herpes sores heal after 3-4 days but often recur. Treatment relieves pain and discomfort but cannot prevent recurrence. A woman with herpes may infect her newborn at childbirth causing blindness or mental retardation.




First episode genital herpes may either be primary or non-primary. Primary genital herpes is defined as infection occurring in persons with no prior exposure to either HSV type 1 or 2. Non-primary genital herpes is defines as first genital episode in persons who have evidence of prior HSV infection at another body site with either HSV type 1 or 2.

First episode genital herpes is often severe, presenting with multiple grouped vesicles, which rupture easily leaving painful erosions and ulcers. In the male, the lesions occur mainly on the prepuce and sub-preputial areas of the penis; in females on the vulva, vagina and cervix. Healing of uncomplicated lesions take 2 to 4 weeks. Complications may include autonomic neuropathy resulting in urinary retention, autoinoculation to fingers and adjacent skin and aseptic meningitis.

Recurrent attacks are less severe than the first episode. Groups of vesicles or erosions develop on a single anatomical site and these usually heal within 10 days. Recurrences average 5 to 8 attacks a year and are more frequent during the first 2 years of infection. Genital herpes caused by HSV type 1 generally recurs infrequently.

The majority of persons with HSV infection have mild, often unrecognised or sub-clinical disease and are unaware of the infection (asymptomatic carriers). They may nevertheless shed the virus intermittently in the genital tract and thus transmit the infection to their partners unknowingly.

A patient’s prognosis and the type of counselling needed depends on the type of genital herpes (HSV-1 or HSV-2) causing the infection; therefore, the clinical diagnosis of genital herpes should be confirmed by laboratory testing.

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.
Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception (females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) - Stop HIV infection before exposure STD vaccine: - Hepatitis vaccine - HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex: No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) - Stop HIV infection after exposure STD testing * - Screening test - to look for asymptomatic infections - from previous exposures Emergency contraception with the morning-after pill (females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test - SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo - Fingerprick blood sampling. - 20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test - OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody - Oral fluid or - Fingerprick blood sampling. - 20 minutes to results STD testing * - Full & comprehensive - diagnostic test - to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion
* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving. * Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


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