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HIV Clinic Singapore | Shim Clinic

HIV Clinic Singapore. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinic. Doctor specially focused on HIV testing, diagnosis and treatment. HIV infections occur after unprotected sex, like a condom break, slip or if no condom was used. Private & confidential consultations.

Our clinic specializes in men’s sexual health and various sexually transmitted diseases including the dreadful HIV. You can just walk-in and get the HIV tests done, there is no need for any appointment. The tests conducted by us produce accurate results. We provide treatment if your medical results turn out to be positive for HIV. Visit our clinic based in Singapore to get timely detection of HIV and be guided by our highly experienced team of doctors.

 

 


 

DEFINITION

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a blood-borne, sexually transmissible virus. The virus is typically transmitted via sexual intercourse, shared intravenous drug instruments, and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), which can occur during the birth process or during breastfeeding. Two distinct species of HIV (HIV-1 and HIV-2) have been identified, and each is composed of multiple subtypes, or clades. All clades of HIV-1 tend to cause similar disease, but the global distribution of the clades differs. The majority of HIV infections in Singapore are caused by HIV-1.

HIV-1 and HIV-2 are retroviruses in the Retroviridae family, Lentivirus genus. HIV produces cellular immune deficiency characterized by the depletion of helper T lymphocytes (CD4+ cells). The loss of CD4+ cells results in the development of opportunistic infections and neoplastic processes.

 

References

  1. Gazzard, B.G. (2008) British HIV Association Guidelines for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infected Adults with Antiretroviral Therapy. HIV Medicine, 9: 563 – 608. Retrieved from http://www.bhiva.org/documents/Guidelines/Treatment%20Guidelines/Current/TreatmentGuidelines2008.pdf
  2. (2011). Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Department of Health and Human Services, 1–167. Retrieved from, http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov/ContentFiles/AdultandAdolescentGL.pdf .
  3. Workowski, K. & Berman, S. (2010). CDC Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment Guidelines (2010). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5912a1.htm
  4. John Hopkins Medicine. (n.d.). The Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. Retrieved from, http://hopkins-hivguide.org/



Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception
(females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection before exposure
STD vaccine:
Hepatitis vaccine
HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection after exposure
STD testing *
Screening test
– to look for asymptomatic infections
– from previous exposures
Emergency contraception
with the
morning-after pill
(females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test
SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test
OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody
– Oral fluid or
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
STD testing *
– Full & comprehensive
diagnostic test
– to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion

* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
* Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.