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Human Immunodeficiency Virus | HIV Symptoms, Singapore - Shim Clinic

Symptoms of early/acute/primary HIV infection in men & women occur 2-4 weeks after infection, and include: fever, skin rash, lethargy, malaise, joint pain, headache, muscle pain, nausea, sore throat, neck stiffness, swollen glands, vomiting, cough, breathlessness, aches, tiredness, mouth ulcers, blurred vision, genital sores, chills, appetite loss, night sweats, diarrhoea, weight loss, confusion, light sensitivity, gum infection, anal sores.

HIV Symptoms Singapore

Acute Retroviral Syndrome: Associated Signs and Symptoms
(Expected Frequency Among Patients Who Are Symptomatic)

  1. Fever – Fever, chills, feeling hot (80%)
  2. Fatigue – Lethargy, tiredness, tired, fatigue, fatigued (78%)
  3. Malaise – Malaise, general ill feeling (68%)
  4. Joint pain – Arthralgia, joint pain, ache, soreness, discomfort (54%)
  5. Headache – Headache, pain in head (54%)
  6. Appetite loss – Appetite loss, loss of appetite, decreased appetite (54%)
  7. Rash – Rash, skin rash (51%)
  8. Night sweats – Night sweats, excessive sweating (51%)
  9. Muscle pain – Myalgias, unspecified muscle pain, ache, soreness, discomfort (49%)
  10. Nausea – Nausea (49%)
  11. Diarrhoea – Diarrhoea, diarrhea (46%)
  12. Sore throat – Sore throat, pharyngitis, throat soreness, throat pain, tonsillitis (44%)
  13. Mouth sores – Mouth sores, oral ulcers, mouth ulcer (37%)
  14. Stiff neck – Stiff neck, limitation of neck movement, neck stiffness (34%)
  15. Weight loss – Weight loss (>5 lb; 2.5 kg) (32%)
  16. Confusion – Confusion (25%)
  17. Light sensitivity – Light sensitivity, photophobia (24%)
  18. Vomiting – Vomiting (12%)
  19. Gum infection – Gum infection, infected gums (10%)
  20. Anal sores – Anal sores, sores on anus (5%)
  21. Genital sores – Genital sores, sores on genitals (2%)
  22. Swollen lymph nodes – Swollen lymph nodes, lymphadenitis, sore, swollen or enlarged glands (74%)

Get your HIV test done if you are experiencing some of these symptoms!

Get HIV PEP treatment to stop you from getting HIV infected, if your exposure was less than 72 hours ago!

References

Prevalence of Primary HIV Infection in Symptomatic Ambulatory Patients
http://www.annfammed.org/content/3/5/400
doi: 10.1370/afm.376

Diagnosis and Management of Acute HIV Infection
diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-hiv-infection-10-16-2012

Use of laboratory tests and clinical symptoms for identification of primary HIV infection
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12004270

Acute HIV-1 Infection
http://hivbook.com/2011/10/26/5-acute-hiv-1-infection/

Remember, there is no HIV cure.

Or could you be having AIDS symptoms?


Blog articles about #HIVsymptoms


Related Concepts

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception
(females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection before exposure
STD vaccine:
Hepatitis vaccine
HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection after exposure
STD testing *
Screening test
– to look for asymptomatic infections
– from previous exposures
Emergency contraception
with the
morning-after pill
(females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test
SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test
OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody
– Oral fluid or
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
STD testing *
– Full & comprehensive
diagnostic test
– to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion

* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
* Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


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