AIDS Symptoms Singapore | Shim Clinic

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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) symptoms in men & women occur 8-10 years after infection, and they are symptoms of the opportunistic infections (OIs) that occur due to the depletion of the CD4 immune cells by the HIV.

OIs can occur all over the body and be relatively localized (meaning they affect only one part of the body) or systemic or disseminated (meaning they spread to other parts of the body and other body systems). Whether and when you become susceptible to OIs is often related to your CD4 count.

  • Greater than 500 cells/mm3
  • 500 cells/mm3 to 200 cells/mm3
      • Oral Symptoms of Candidiasis include:
        • White patches on gums, tongue or lining of the mouth
        • Pain in the mouth or throat
        • Difficulty Swallowing
        • Loss of Appetite

        Vaginal Symptoms of Candidiasis include:

        • Vaginal Irritation
        • Itching
        • Burning
        • Thick, white discharge

        Signs and Symptoms of KS (Kaposi Sarcoma) can include:

        • Kaposi's sarcomaAppearance of a purplish lesion (An area of the body where tissue is abnormal, such as an infected patch or sore on the skin) on skin
        • Appearance of a purplish lesion in the mouth
        • Occasionally gastrointestinal complaints with disseminated KS
  • 200 cells/mm3 to 100 cells/mm3
      • Signs and Symptoms of Pnuemocystis Jirovecii (Carinii) Pneumonia (PCP) can include:
        • Shortness of Breath
        • Fever
        • Dry Cough
        • Chest Pain

        Signs and Symptoms of Histoplasmosis and Coccidioidomycosis can include:

        • Fever
        • Fatigue
        • Weight Loss
        • Cough
        • Chest pain
        • Shortness of Breath
        • Headache

        Signs and Symptoms of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) can include:

        • Dementia
        • Seizures
        • Difficulty Speaking
        • Confusion
        • Difficulty walking
  • 100 cells/mm3 to 50 cells/mm3
      • Signs and Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis can include:
        • Headache
        • Confusion
        • Motor Weakness
        • Fever
        • Seizures

        Signs and Symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis can include:

        • Chronic Watery Diarrhea
        • Stomach cramps
        • Weight loss
        • Nausea
        • Vomiting

        Signs and Symptoms of Cryptococcal Meningitis include:

        • Fever
        • Fatigue
        • Headache
        • Neck Stiffness
        • Some patients can have memory loss or mood changes
  • 50-100 Cells/mm3
      • Signs and Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus (CMV):
        • Sore Throat
        • Swollen Glands
        • Fatigue
        • Fevers

        In people with low CD4 counts it can cause:

        • Blurred vision (if there is CMV infection is in the eye)
        • Painful Swallowing
        • Diarrhea
        • Abdominal Pain
  • Less than 50 Cells/mm3
      • Signs and Symptoms of Mycobacterium Aviam Complex (MAC):
        • Fevers
        • Night sweats
        • Abdominal Pain
        • Fatigue
        • Diarrhea


The Basics of Opportunistic Infections

Or could you be having HIV symptoms?

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.
Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception (females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) - Stop HIV infection before exposure STD vaccine: - Hepatitis vaccine - HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex: No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) - Stop HIV infection after exposure STD testing * - Screening test - to look for asymptomatic infections - from previous exposures Emergency contraception with the morning-after pill (females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test - SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo - Fingerprick blood sampling. - 20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test - OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody - Oral fluid or - Fingerprick blood sampling. - 20 minutes to results STD testing * - Full & comprehensive - diagnostic test - to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion
* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving. * Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


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