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Candidiasis Testing Singapore | Shim Clinic

Candidiasis Testing Singapore. Candidiasis screening/diagnostic test/check clinic, Singapore. Private and confidential service. Definitions, references, and latest news.

Candidiasis Testing is by gram stain smear, SurePath, ThinPrep, culture.

 

LABORATORY TESTS

  • Gram-stain or wet mount (saline or 10% KOH) of swabs from the vulva/vaginal wall, or penis/prepuce will reveal budding yeast cells and pseudohyphae (sensitivity 60%)
  • Vaginal pH 4 – 4.5
  • Culture on Sabouraud media (isolation in the absence of symptoms and negative direct smear is not an indication for treatment)
  • Serum antibodies should not be used for diagnosis

DIAGNOSIS

Symptoms and signs of vulvo-vaginitis or balano-posthitis

PLUS

Demonstration of yeasts/pseudohyphae on wet mount or Gram-stain or positive culture

 



Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception
(females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection before exposure
STD vaccine:
Hepatitis vaccine
HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)
– Stop HIV infection after exposure
STD testing *
Screening test
– to look for asymptomatic infections
– from previous exposures
Emergency contraception
with the
morning-after pill
(females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA Test
1 month HIV 4th Generation Test
SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
3 months HIV 3rd Generation Test
OraQuick® HIV-1/2 Antibody
– Oral fluid or
– Fingerprick blood sampling.
20 minutes to results
STD testing *
– Full & comprehensive
diagnostic test
– to look for current infections
Watch for HIV Symptoms STD Symptoms
If infected HIV Treatment STD Treatment Abortion

* Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
* Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.