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Sexual/sexual Singapore.

Sexual/sexual Singapore: Sexual/sexual clinic, Singapore. Private and confidential service. Definitions, references, and latest news.

Sexual/sexual classification and terminology

  • Sexually transmitted disease (STD) - refers only to infections that are causing symptoms.
  • Sexually transmitted infection (STI) - refers to infection with any germ that can cause an STD, even if the infected person has no symptoms.
  • Venereal disease (VD) - term used before the 1990s.
  • Genitourinary medicine (GUM) is an expanding specialty which is primarily related to the treatment and prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.
  • Sex or "sexual activity" means — (a) sexual activity occasioned by the introduction into the vagina, anus or mouth of any person of any part of the penis of another person; or (b) cunnilingus.
Venereal | Genitourinary | Urogenital | Genital |

References

Disease Organism Incubation Symptoms Investigation
Viral
HIV infection Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 2-4w 50% None,
50% Flu-like:
acute seroconversion syndrome
HIV test
Asymptomatic phase
3-20y
8y average
AIDS
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus (HBV) 40-160d Flu-like:
prodromal phase
Jaundice:
icteric phase
HBsAg
Genital herpes Herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1d-2w Multiple painful blisters & ulcers HSV Serology
HSV PCR
Genital warts Human papillomavirus (HPV) 3-6m Cauliflower growths HPV test
Molluscum contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) 2-7w Pearly growths Histology
Bacterial
Syphilis Treponema pallidum 9-90d Chancre:
1° syphilis
VDRL test
RPR test
TPHA test
FTA-Abs test
2-6m Rash:
2° syphilis
<1 year Asymptomatic:
early latent
>1 year Asymptomatic:
late latent
5-10 years Benign gumma,
Cardiovascular syphilis,
Neurosyphilis:
3° syphilis
Gonorrhoea (UK)
Gonorrhea (US)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 1d-2w Urethral 90%,
Cervical 50%,
Pharyngeal &
Rectal 10%:
pain & discharge
Gram-negative intracellular diplococci smear,
Gonococcal culture,
Gonococcal PCR
Chlamydia infection Chlamydia trachomatis 1-3w Pain & discharge Chlamydia PCR
Protozoal
Trichomoniasis Trichomonas vaginalis Female: foul discharge & itch
Male: urethritis
BD Affirm™ VP III
Fungal
Candidiasis
(Yeast infection)
Candida albicans Female: cheesy discharge & itch
Male: rash
BD Affirm™ VP III
Parasitic
Pubic lice
Scabies Sarcoptes scabiei