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Ethiopia Travel Health Advice and Vaccinations - Shim Clinic

Vaccinations and disease prophylaxis recommended when travelling to Ethiopia.

All travellers

Make sure you are up-to-date with your routine vaccinations before you travel to any destination. Some vaccines may also be required for travel to Ethiopia. These vaccines include:

Get your Mumps, Measles, and Rubella (MMR) vaccine before going to Ethiopia. These vaccines may have been given during childhood, but over time, your immunity may have weakened, thus making you susceptable to being infected. Immunity testing is available, and if the levels are found to be non protective, then the vaccination should be given.
Get your Tetanus, Diphtheria, and acelluar Pertussis (Tdap) vaccine before going to Ethiopia. During childhood, the Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTP) vaccine may have been given, but over time, your immunity may have weakened. Shim Clinic recommends that every 10 years, you should repeat the adult version, which is the Tdap vaccine.
Get your Varicella (Chickenpox) vaccine before going to Ethiopia. Particularly for those who recall never having been infected with Chickenpox in the past. Varicella immunity testing is available. And if levels are found to be not protective, then the vaccination should be given.
Get your Polio vaccine before going to Ethiopia. Although this vaccine may have been given during childhood, but over time, your immunity may have weakened, thus making you susceptable to being infected.
Get your annual Influenza (Flu) vaccine before going to Ethiopia. Every 6 months, the World Health Organisation (WHO) issues new Influenza vaccine composition recommendations. As the recommended composition may change with each season, Shim Clinic recommends that you should keep yourself updated with the latest vaccine.

Most travellers

Get these travel vaccines and medications, because there is a risk of these diseases when visiting Ethiopia

Shim Clinic recommends this vaccine, because you can get Hepatitis A through contaminated food or water in Ethiopia, regardless of where you are eating or staying.
You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Ethiopia. Shim Clinic recommends this vaccine for most travellers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.

Some travellers

Shim Clinic recommends these vaccines and medications when travelling to Ethiopia based on, where you are going, how long you are stying, and what you will be doing, and from what country you will be travelling from.

You can get Hepatitis B through sexual contact, contamiated needles, and blood products, so Shim Clinic recommends this vaccine if you might bave sex with a new partner, get a tattoo or piercing, or have any medical procedures in Ethiopia.
When travelling to Ethiopia, you should avoid mosquito bites to prevent Malaria. You may need to take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to Ethiopia to prevent Malaria, depending on your travel plans, such as where you are going, when you are travelling, and if you are spending a lot of time outdoors or sleeping outside. Shim Clinic can help you decide which medicine is right for you, and also talk to you about other steps you can take to prevent Malaria.
Ethiopia is part of the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. Shim Clinic recommends this vaccine if you plan to visit Ethiopia during the dry season (December-June), when the disease is most common.
Rabies is not a major risk to most travellers to Ethiopia. Shim Clinic recommends rabies vaccine paticularly for these groups:
  • Travellers involved in outdoor and other activities in remote areas that put them at risk for animal bites (such as adventure travel and caving).
  • People who would be working with or around animals (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals and researchers).
  • People who are taking long trips, or moving to Ethiopia.
  • Children, because they tend to play with animals, might not report bites, and are more likely to have animal bites on their head and neck.
Ethiopia is a country with Yellow Fever Transmission in whole or in part. All travellers are required to have a valid International Certificate of Vaccination for yellow fever, if they have been or have passed through Ethiopia.

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